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Consultingroom.com Ltd
Unit 40, Sir Frank Whittle Business Centre
Great Central Way
Butlers Leap, Rugby
United Kingdom
CV21 3XH
Tel: 01788 577254

© Copyright 2006-2016 Consultingroom.com Limited.

Consulting Room Shop Glossary

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Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

Alpha Hydroxy Acids are natural fruit and lactic acids found in grapes, apples, olives, lemons and milk. The most common types are glycolic, lactic, malic, citric and tartaric acids which remove the topmost layer of the skin for a rejuvenated appearance.

These are able to penetrate the skin with great effectiveness, and speed up the regeneration of cells giving the skin a fresher and smoother impression. These acids have a beneficial effect on the collagen fibres in the connective tissue.


Alpha Tocopherol (Vitamin E)

Vitamin E is the body’s most important lipid or fat soluble antioxidant. Its key biological function is to protect lipids from oxidation and free radical damage. Lipids are the building blocks of cell membranes and other important biochemical structures within the body.

As with any other vitamin, the complete lack of vitamin E in the diet is fatal. However, the minimum amount of vitamin E sufficient for basic health is so small that almost any diet has enough to prevent overt deficiency.

Vitamin E has been shown in clinical studies to promote healing of skin and help to protect skin cells against UV damage (from the sun) caused by the production of free radicals.

Vitamin E derivatives do not have the antioxidant effects of pure vitamin E (or alpha tocopherol), because they are not antioxidants. Cosmetic companies often misuse the term vitamin E, using it to refer to a derivative, thus confusing consumers.

The best suggestion is to read the ingredient list and to know exactly what vitamin E really is: alpha tocopherol. While this is the only form of vitamin E the body can use, there are many derivatives that are used in cosmetic creams, and although they are not antioxidants vitamin E derivatives can be excellent emollients (an agent that can soften and smooth the skin).


Aluminium Oxide

Aluminium oxide crystals have been the most commonly used abrasive agent for the last 20 years.

Aluminum oxide is the second hardest mineral (diamonds are first), so the crystals can be made extremely fine. That's why aluminium oxide crystals are regarded as the best option for microdermabrasion as other materials may be either too harsh, leading to excessive irritation, or too soft, leading to reduced effectiveness.



Antioxidants are substances that help create a barrier from free radial damage.

Antioxidants are also widely used as ingredients in dietary supplements in the hope of maintaining health and preventing diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease.

Antioxidants include Beta Carotene, Pomegranate, Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid), Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopherol), Vitamin A, Goji Berry, Ellagic acid, Ginkgo Biloba, Rose Hips, Garlic, Grape seed, Bilberry, Seaweed and Green tea.


Arnica Montana

A plant-derived anti-inflammatory. This has been shown in clinical trails to significantly reduce bruising and swelling. When the smallest of your body’s blood vessels are damaged they let blood leak into the surrounding tissues, and as the haemoglobin in the seepage breaks down it discolours the skin -resulting in the formation of a bruise.
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